I.A. Brief Motivational Counselling
I.B. Setting-Specific Interventions
B.1. medical interventions
B.2. family interventions
B.3. community interventions
II.A. Harm Reduction for Heroin Addiction
A.1. needle exchange
A.2. supervised injection
A.3. methadone maintenance therapy
A.4. prescribed heroin
II.B. Harm Reduction for Alcoholism
B.1. wet housing
II.C. Harm Reduction for Other Drugs
C.1. pill warnings for ecstasy and other hallucinogens
C.2. early warning systems
III.A. Pre-Treatment Engagement
A.1. community outreach
A.2. pre-treatment support services
III.B. In-Treatment Recovery Support Services
B.1. case management
III.C. Post-Treatment Continuing Care
C.2. recovery education & coaching
C.3. assertive linkage
C.4. early re-intervention
General Reading on Social Modalities
Beliefs, Behaviors, & Alcoholic Beverages: A Cross-Cultural Survey (1979) is a series of essays on the use of alcoholic beverages within diverse societies and cultures. Mac Marshall.
Drugs, Alcohol, and Society: Social Structure, Process, and Policy (1992) draws from socio-cultural and social psychological theories and using a social learning perspective as the unifying perspective. Ronald L. Akers.
Socialization in Drug Abuse (1976) contends that drug abuse is a social problem and that in each of its particular aspects – medical, psychological, legal, etc. – there is a crucial, and often unrecognized, social dimension. Robert H. Coombs, Lincoln J. Fry, Patricia G. Lewis.
Society, Culture, and Drinking Patterns (1977) provides a sociological study of normal and pathological drinking patterns in American society. David Joshua Pittman, Charles R. Snyder.
Printed Resources – Harm Reduction as a Social Modality
Harm Reduction Psychotherapy: A New Treatment for Drug and Alcohol Problems (2007) shows how a relaxed emphasis on abstinence can have dramatic implications for improving the effectiveness of psychotherapy in many ways. Andrew Tatarsky.
Over the Influence: The Harm Reduction Guide for Managing Drugs and Alcohol (2004) is a guide to harm reduction therapy, which calls for identifying and managing the underlying problem while maintaining an “acceptable” or functional level of substance use. Jeannie Little, Adina Glickman
Practicing Harm Reduction Psychotherapy: An Alternative Approach to Addictions (2004) incorporates the goals and methods of harm reduction into a comprehensive psychotherapeutic approach – one that can be incorporate without waiting for abstinence. Patt Denning.
Printed Resources – Public Health as a Social Modality
Changing Addictive Behavior: Bridging Clinical and Public Health (1999) examines theory and research to examine ways that traditional therapeutic treatments can be supplemented by public health interventions that extend the reach and effectiveness of care. Jalie Ann Tucker, Dennis M. Donovan, G. Alan Marlatt.