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Tobacco Facts | side effects history & prevention
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Commercial and Street Names

Tobacco is often mixed with other drugs. The White House has a list of street terms for tobacco products laced with illicit substances.

Addiction Treatment and Tobacco

Many residential and outpatient drug and alcohol addition treatment facilities across North America are considering smoking bans for their staff and patients. As many patients who are admitted for drug addiction or alcoholism also smoke tobacco, the decision to implement a smoking ban has supporters and opponents.

National Public Radio (NPR) in the United States tells the experience of St. Mary’s Hospital, a psychiatric hospital that banned smoking.

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Printed Resources – General Information

A Critique of Nicotine Addiction(1991) is a critique of the nicotine addiction hypothesis, based on a critical review of the research literature that purports to prove that nicotine is an addictive drug. Hanan Frenk, Bassam Tabbara, Reuven Dar, Abdallah Tabbara.

Dying to Quit: Why we Smoke and How We Stop (1998) follows the smoking life of a young woman hoping to quit and explores the myths and mysteries of addiction. Janet Brigham.

Ending The Tobacco Holocaust: How the Tobacco Industry Affects Your Health (2007) first focuses on the understanding the historical, political, economic, and health implications of the tobacco industry in layman’s terms. It then applies that information to motivate smokers to quit, and encourages non-smokers to become active in efforts to decrease smoking. Michael Rabinoff.

Nicotine: An Old Fashioned Addiction (1985) presents information on the physical and psychological effects of smoking, the reasons people smoke, and the treatment for quitting tobacco. Jack E. Henningfield, Miriam Cohen.

The Tobacco Atlas (2002) provides full-colour maps and graphics on tobacco industries that expose the behaviour of the tobacco companies. Judity Mackay, Michael P. Erickson.

Smoking (1996) discusses why people smoke, the effects of smoking, the rights of smokers & non-smokers, tobacco company lawsuits, and cigarette advertisements. David Pietrusza.

The Tobacco Book: A Reference Guide of Facts, Figures, and Quotations about (2005) is a comprehensive reference guide that covers all aspects of tobacco.

Tobacco: The Story of how Tobacco Seduced the World (2001) tells the story of this unusual plant and its unique relationship with the history of humanity. Iain Gately.

Printed Resources – Commerce and Tobacco

A Question of Intent: A Great American Battle with a Deadly Industry(2001) documents the FDA’s historic journey inside the mazes of America’s deadliest and most secretive industry. David A. Kessler.

Tobacco USA: The Industry Behind the Smoke Curtain(1999) describes how the health dangers of tobacco became known, despite the political clout and promotional rhetoric that once kept the tobacco industry thriving. Eileen Heyes.

Printed Resources – Economic Consequences of Alcohol

The Price of Smoking(2004) studies the private and social costs of smoking. Frank A. Sloan, Jan Ostermann, Christopher Conover, Gabriel Picone.

Printed Resources – Harm Reduction and Tobacco Addiction

Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reductionstudies modified tobacco products which are intended to preserve tobacco pleasure while reducing its toxic effects. Includes Advance ™, low-nitrosamine tobacco cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, cigarette-like products, nicotine replacement therapies, antidepressants that reduce nicotine craving, and other medications. Kathleen R. Stratton.

Virtually Safe Cigarettes: Reviving an Opportunity Once Tragically Rejected(2000) reviews the development of less hazardous cigarettes and makes a case for reinstating a program to further modify cigarettes to reduce the risk of cancer and other diseases. Also outlines how regulation of the program might be achieved. Gio B. Gori.

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Printed Resources – History of Tobacco

Ashes to Ashes: The History of Smoking and Health(1998) recounts the history of the addiction of tobacco for the US population and the addiction to profits of the tobacco industry and government. Stephen Lock, L.A. Reynolds, E.M.

Nicotine (2002) covers tobacco’s history from its European debut in the 1500s to the tobacco industry lawsuits of the last decade. Jennifer Rackley.

Nicotine (2003) emphasizes a historical and scientific approach to learning about tobacco, this book discusses some of the legal debates surrounding smoking. Heather Lehr Wagner.

Nicotine(2006) looks at the history of nicotine, including discussions on its early use, the increased use of cigarettes and cigars in the 1990s, and tobacco litigation in the 1990s. Emma Carlson-Berne.

Smoke: A Global History of Smoking (2004) examines the culture of smoking in different traditions and locations around the world. Sander L. Gilman, Xun Zhou.

Tobacco in History: The Cultures of Dependence (2005) explores tobacco as a major commodity in the history of world trade and the source of one of the biggest public health concerns in modern history. Examines its effects on agriculture, religion, social customs, business and trade, government policy and medicine in many countries. Jordan Goodman.

Printed Resources – Medical Consequences of Tobacco

Ending the Tobacco Holocaust: How the Tobacco Industry Affects Your Health (2007) shows the health and financial suicide we commit by allowing tobacco companies to continue doing business as usual-and, like any good doctor, provides a detailed prescription for what to do about it: simple actions you can take to save the lives of millions around the world. Michael Rabinoff.

Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General(1990) reviews the immediate benefits of for those that quit including longevity, risk of cancer, and lower birth rates from pregnant mothers who smoke. Concludes that in spite of weight gain, the health benefits still exceed the risk of continued smoking. DIANE Publishing.

Health Consequences of Nicotine Addiction: A Report of the Surgeon General (1988) weighs the evidence and concludes that cigarettes and other forms of tobacco are addicting, nicotine is the active ingredient in causing addiction, and that the pharmacologic and behavioral processes that determine tobacco addiction are similar to heroin and cocaine. DIANE Publishing.

The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cancer and Chronic Lung Disease in the Workplace(1985) is a report of the US Surgeon General that examines the relationship between cigarette smoking and occupational exposures.

Smoking, Health and Personality(2000) questions some of the findings of the 1965 Report on Smoking and Health which linked lung cancer to smoking. Hans J. Eysenck, Stuart Brody.

Tobacco or Health?: Physiological and Social Damages Caused by Tobacco(2003) is a summary of the consequences that tobacco smoking has on health, taking into account all organ systems affected. Knut-Olaf Haustein.

Printed Resources – Prevention and Tobacco

Growing Up Tobacco Free: Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Children and Youths (1994) explains nicotine’s effects and the process of addiction and a look at effective approaches for tobacco prevention. Institute of Medicine.

Smoking, Personality, and Stress: Psychosocial Factors in the Prevention of Cancer and Coronary Heart Disease(1991) argues that psychosocial factors such as stress are 6 times more as predictive as smoking, cholesterol level or blood pressure in predicting the incidence of cancer and coronary heart disease.

For more information on prevention see the Addiction Prevention section.

Printed Resources – Second Hand Smoke and Tobacco

Exposure Analysis(2006) is a resource in the emerging scientific discipline of exposure analysis. A comprehensive source on the environmental pollutants that affect human health. Wayne Ott, Anne C. Steinemann, Lance A. Wallace.

Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking(2004) documents how tobacco smoke not only causes more deaths from cancer than any other known agent; it also causes more deaths from vascular and respiratory diseases. This volume contains all the relevant information on both direct and passive smoking.ARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Volume 83, International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization.

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Printed Resources – Self-help for Tobacco Addiction

The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Quitting Smoking (2000) has the tips, strategies, and advice you need to give up cigarettes – for good. Lowell Kleinman, Deborah Messina-Kleinman.

Stop Smoking and Chewing Tobacco for Life Changes (2000) loads readers up with tools, from examples of guided imagery and symbolic affirmation to humorously simple rhymes and one-liners to aversive visualization to relapse and prevention maintenance plan worksheets. David L. Johnson, Carole A. Johnson.

Printed Resources – Teen Addiction and Tobacco

Nicotine(1995) offers needed information for teens on tobacco as well as case studies. Judy Monroe.

Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents (2000) addresses all phases of adolescent tobacco use. Details: the pharmacological, psychological, and developmental factors that influence teen smoking behavior the hidden connection between depression, gender, and cigarettes, etc. Eric F. Wagner.

Smoking 101: An Overview for Teens(2006) is overview of the effects of tobacco on adolescent brain development, the societal impact of drug abuse, drug prevention, treatment. Margaret Oldroyd Hyde, John F. Setaro.

Smoking: Risk, Perception & Policy is a rebuttal of the tobacco companies’ claims that beginning smokers understand the risks and expose the ways in which cigarette ads dupe the young into downplaying its dangers. Paul Slovic.

Teen Smoking: Understanding the Risks (1998) helps teenagers to begin developing critical thinking skills. Daniel McMillan.

Printed Resources – Treatment of Tobacco Addiction

Cigarettes, Nicotine, & Health: A Biobehavioral Approach (2001) utilizes an interdisciplinary biobehavioral framework to illuminate the consequences of tobacco use, particularly cigarettes. Designed primarily for health professionals. Lynn T. Kozlowski, Jack E.

The Clinical Management of Nicotine Dependence (1991) designed for health professionals who deal with addicted individuals from a variety different standpoints. James Cocores.

Nicotine Addiction: Principles and Management (1993) defines and explains nicotine addiction as a primary problem or disease, instead of as a habit or risk factor for other diseases. A comprehensive, clinical text on tobacco dependence, this book provides clinicians with essential information on how to diagnose and treat nicotine addicted patients. It also offers the medical, epidemiological and behavioral science backgrounds necessary for understanding the process and dynamics of tobacco dependence. C. Tracy Orleans, John Slade.

Nicotine in Psychiatry: Psychopathology and Emerging Therapeutics(2000) reviews by experts in addiction that ranges from basic neurobiology to the possible therapeutic role of nicotine in human ailments. Covers potential behavioral and drug treatments to aid in smoking cessation. Melissa Piasecki, Paul Newhouse (Eds.).

The Tobacco Dependence Treatment Handbook: A Guide to Best Practices(2003) is a clinical handbook that provides the knowledge, skills and materials needed to help all types of smokers quit. Includes assessment tools, treatment planning guidelines, etc. David B. Abrams, Raymond Niaura, Michael G. Goldstein, Richard A. Brown, Karen M. Emmons, Peter M. Monti, Laura A. Linnan.

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Websites Specific to Tobacco and Nicotine

Canadian Council for Tobacco Control

Health Canada – Tobacco Reports and Publications – Nicotine Addiction

Nicotine Addiction

Online Resources – General Information on Tobacco and Nicotine

The Basics: Tobacco (February 2005) Addictions Foundation Manitoba (AFM).

About Spit Tobacco(2008) talks about the health effects of spit tobacco including quick facts and harmful chemicals. ActNowBC


Online Resources – Educator Resources for Tobacco and Nicotine

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has the Teacher’s Guide on Nicotine.

Online Resources – Addiction Research on Tobacco and Nicotine

NIDA Research Report: Tobacco Addiction (2006) highlights how tobacco delivers its effects, gender differences, as well as smoking and adolescence. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) NIH Publication 06-4342.

Tobacco Use in America: Highlights (2000) includes detailed information about tobacco use in the United States from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

For additional research on tobacco see the Cigarettes, Cigars, & Other Tobacco section of the Office of Applied Studies website, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Online Resources – Special Populations and Tobacco

Cigarette Use among Blacks: 2005 and 2006 (September 2007) shows prevalence rates based on the 2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. The NSDUH Report.

For more information on special populations (visible minorities, at-risk populations, etc.) see the Special Populations section.

Online Resources- Teen Addiction and Tobacco

Smoking Cessation in Young People: Should we do more to help young smokers to quit?(June 2003) Jonathan Foulds, Health Development Agency.

For more information on teen prevention see the School Drug Abuse section or the Help for Parents and Teens section for teen addiction information. 

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Tobacco is ranked as one of the UK’s most dangerous drugs. BBC News.  

The Real Cost of Smoking (Smoking Cessation) discusses the medical impact of tobacco. Illumistream.

Part 1

Part 2 – medications for tobacco cessation

Recent YouTube Videos


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